During her recent visit to Gorongosa National Park for World Ranger Day celebrations, Mozambique’s Minister of Land and Environment, Ivete Maibaze, inaugurated the Park’s new Paleontology Laboratory.
The Paleontology Laboratory was built to provide a suitable workspace to study recent discoveries of mammalian fossils in Gorongosa. The laboratory contains a fossil collection room, a work room for analyzing the fossils, an office, a classroom, and a storage room (for all collection and survey equipment).
This new facility is a welcome expansion to the Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity Laboratory that was inaugurated in 2014. The Laboratory already supports biodiversity inventories and ecological research. It has a Molecular laboratory and holds zoological and botanical collections of species from the Park. A full-time Masters in Conservation Biology with twelve Mozambican students is also conducted on-site.
With this new Paleontology Laboratory, it will be possible to display the fossil collection, provide a working space for paleontology and primatology researchers (including the annual Oxford-Gorongosa Paleo-Primate Field School) and add another classroom for educational programmes, thereby allowing Master’s programme workshops at the same time.
The fossil in the below photo is one of several mandibles of giant hyraxes from the Gorongosa fossil sites. We estimate these to be of late Miocene age, about 10 million years old. This is the timeframe of the last common ancestor of the African apes and humans. These are the first fossil mammals discovered in the Mozambique Rift Valley (the nearest fossil mammals in the Rift are in northern Malawi, about 1000 km to the north). Interestingly, we do have two modern-day hyrax species occurring in the Park: the Tree Dassie (Hyrax) and the Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax.
Our most recent fossil inventory includes about 730 fossil specimens, among them:
- Hyracoids (relatives of the modern hyraxes);
- Proboscideans (ancestral elephants);
- Suids (ancestral bush pigs);
- Sivatheres and chalicotheres (extinct mammals);
- Shark teeth (Gorongosa by the sea: there were sharks in the ancient Gorongosa region);
- Turtles and crocodiles;
- Fossil invertebrates (snails, clams, crabs);
- Abundant fossil wood, as evidence of ancient forests and woodlands in the region.
These fossils fill a major geographic and temporal gap in our knowledge of evolution in Africa. The Paleo-Primate Project Gorongosa is currently creating 3D models of the key Gorongosa fossils so they can be studied by students and colleagues without damage to the precious and unique original fossils.
The Paleo-Primate Project Gorongosa (PPPG) is led by Dr Susana Carvalho, Associate Professor of Paleoanthropology at the University of Oxford’s School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, where she coordinates the Primate Models for Behavioural Evolution Lab at the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology. The Project is currently training and mentoring several Mozambican students in the area of paleontology: Jacinto Mathe at Master's/PhD level, Amélia Macôa, Clara Mendes, and Açucena Nhantumbo at the undergraduate level (licenciatura, University Eduardo Mondlane). Tongai Castigo (studying paleobotany) has been collaborating closely with the PPPG team, and is now being helped by the team with a paper on fossil plants. Another Mozambican student in the area of primatology is Rassina Farassi, who is completing her Master's.
You can watch a report about the recent visit to Gorongosa National Park by Mozambique’s Minister of Land and Environment, Ivete Maibaze, here.
Additionally, you can find an interview with Dr Susana Carvalho at the new fossil sites of Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique, here.
About the Gorongosa Project
Gorongosa National Park (GNP) in Mozambique is perhaps Africa's greatest wildlife restoration story. In 2008, a 20-year Public-Private Partnership was established for the joint management of GNP between the Government of Mozambique and the Carr Foundation (Gorongosa Project), a US nonprofit organisation. In 2018, the Government of Mozambique signed an extension of the joint management agreement for another 25 years. By adopting a 21st Century conservation model of balancing the needs of wildlife and people, Gorongosa is protecting and saving this beautiful wilderness, returning it to its rightful place as one of Africa’s greatest national parks. GNP has been described as one of the most diverse parks on Earth, covering a vast expanse of 400,000 hectares. In recent years, the Gorongosa Project, with the support of Mozambique’s National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC), has ensured the protection of a recovering population of lions in this system, successfully reduced key threats, and has been recognised as one of National Geographic's “Last Wild Places” and by TIME Magazine as one of the “World’s Greatest Places - 2019”.
If you would like more information about this topic or would like to schedule an interview with those involved in the project, please call Vasco Galante at +258 822970010 (WhatsApp) or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
You may follow the daily activities of Gorongosa National Park through their Facebook page here.