Alemseged, Z., Wynn, J., Geraads, D., Reed, D., Barr, W.A., Bobe, R., McPherron, S. Deino, A. Alene, M., Sier, M., Roman, D., Mohan, J. 2020. Fossils from Mille-Logya, Afar, Ethiopia, elucidate the link between Pliocene environmental changes and Homo origins. Nature Communications.11:2480

Bobe R., d’Oliveira Coelho J., Carvalho S., Leakey M. (In press). Fauna and paleoenvironments of the Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya, In (Eds.) Reynolds S., Bobe R. African paleoecology and human evolution. Cambridge University Press.

Bobe, R., Braun, D., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Harris, J.W.K. (In press). Introduction: Hominin paleobiology in the early Pleistocene Okote Member, Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution.

Bobe R., Manthi F.K., Ward C., Plavcan M., Carvalho S. 2020. The ecology of Australopithecus anamensis in the Early Pliocene of Kanapoi, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution

Bobe R., Martinez F., Carvalho S. 2020. Primate adaptations and evolution in the southern African Rift Valley. Evolutionary Anthropology

Bucchi A., Püschel T.A., Lorenzo C., Marcé-Nogué J. In press. Finite element analysis of the proximal phalanx of the thumb in Hominoidea during simulated stone tool use. Comptes rendus Palevol.

Dumouchel, L., Bobe, R. (2020). Paleoecological implications of dental mesowear and hypsodonty in fossil ungulates from Kanapoi. Journal of Human Evolution 140, 102548.

Gba, B. C., Bene, J.-C. K., Gone Bi, Z. B., Mielke, A., Kone, I. (2020). Within-group spatial position and activity budget dynamics of wild female and male sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) in Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 13:7.

Geraads, D., Bobe, R. (2020). Suidae from Kanapoi. Journal of Human Evolution 140, 102337.

Geraads, D., Bobe, R. (2020). Ruminants (Giraffidae and Bovidae) from Kanapoi. Journal of Human Evolution 140, 102383.

Julle-Danière, E. C. C., Whitehouse, J., Mielke, A., Vrij, A., Gustafsson, E., Micheletta, J., Waller, B.M. (2020). Are there non-verbal signals of guilt? PLoS ONE. 10.1371/journal.pone.0231756

Luncz L.V., van de Waal E. Cultural transmission in dispersing primates. In: Chimpanzees in context. Cambridge University Press, in press.

Marcé-Nogué, J., Püschel, T. A., Daasch, A., and Kaiser, T. M. (2020). Broad-scale morpho-functional traits of the mandible suggest no hard food adaptation in the hominin lineage. Sci Rep 10, 1–11. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-63739-5.

Mielke, A., Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M. (2020). Predictability in association patterns of sooty mangabeys. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 74: 46. 10.1007/s00265-020-2829-y

Pascual-Garrido, A. & Almeida-Warren, K. (In Press). Group-specific use of raw material for termite fishing tools by Tanzanian chimpanzees: Ecological constraints and cultural variants. Current Anthropology.

Püschel, T.A., Friess, M., and Manríquez, G. 2020. Morphological consequences of artificial cranial deformation: Modularity and integration. PLOS ONE 15, e0227362. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0227362

Püschel, T.A., Marcé-Nogué, J., Chamberlain, A.T., Yoxall, A., Sellers, W.I., 2020. The biomechanical importance of the scaphoid-centrale fusion during simulated knuckle-walking and its implications for human locomotor evolution. Scientific Reports. 10, 1–7.

Püschel, T.A., Marcé-Nogué, J., Gladman, J., Patel, B., Almécija, S., Sellers, W.I., 2020. Getting its feet on the ground: elucidating Paralouatta's semi-terrestriality using the virtual morpho-functional toolbox. Frontiers in Earth Science. 8.

Richmond, B., Green, D., Lague, M., Chirchir, H., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Bobe, R., Bamford, M., Griffin, N., Gunz, P., Mbua, E., Merritt, S., Pobiner, B., Kiura, P., Kibunjia, M., Harris, J.W.K., Braun, D. (2020). The upper limb of Paranthropus boisei from Ileret, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 141, 102727.

Rodrigues, H., Ramos, R., Fagundes, L., Galego, O., Navega, D., d’Oliveira Coelho, J., Alves, F.C., Cunha, E., 2020. Mastoid, middle ear and inner ear analysis in CT scan – a possible contribution for the identification of remains. Medicine, Science and the Law. 60, 102–111.

Wittig, R.M., Mielke, A., Lester, J., Crockford, C. (in press). Endurance and flexibility of close social relationships: comparing chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Eds: Lydia Hopper & Steve Ross, Chimpanzees in Context: A Comparative Perspective on Chimpanzee Behavior, Cognition, Conservation, and Welfare, University of Chicago Press.


Submitted/under review

  1. Bobe, R., Wood, B. (In review). Estimating origination times from the early hominin fossil record. Evolutionary Anthropology.
  2. Bucchi, A., Püschel, T. A., Profico, A. & Lorenzo, C. (In review). Modularity of the Wrist in Extant Hominids. Journal of Human Evolution (available as pre-print in Preprints doi:10.20944/preprints202004.0474.v1.)

  1. Negash, E.W., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Grine, F.E., Sponheimer, M., Wynn, J.G. (In review). Dietary trends in herbivores from the Shungura Formation, southwestern Ethiopia. PNAS.

  1. Morley, J., Bucchi, A., Lorenzo, C. & Püschel, T. A. (In review). Characterizing the body morphology of the first metacarpal in the Homininae using 3D geometric morphometrics. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (available as pre-print in bioRxiv

  1. Püschel H.P., Bertrand O., O’Reilly J.E., Bobe R., Püschel T.A.  (Submitted). A Total Evidence approach to estimate divergence times in hominins: Assessing body mass and encephalization trends in human evolution. Nature Ecology and Evolution

  1. Wynn, J.G., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Grine, F.E., Negash, E.W., Sponheimer, M. (In review). Isotopic evidence for the timing of the dietary shift towards C4 foods in eastern African Paranthropus. PNAS.

Pre-prints/In preparation

  1. Pascual-Garrido A & Scheffrahn R (in prep).  Dietary Stasis: Four decades on, Mahale chimpanzees still favour Macrotermes.

  1. Tkaczynski, P.J., Mielke, A., Samuni, L., Preis, A., Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C. (2020). Long-term repeatability in social behaviours suggests stable social phenotypes in wild chimpanzees. bioRxiv 2020.02.12.945857; doi:

Luncz, L.V., Gill, M., Proffitt, T., Svensson, M.S., Kulik, L., Malaivijitnond, S., 2019. Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques. eLife. 8:e46961. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.46961


Luncz L. V., Mundry R., Soiret S., Boesch C. Cultural Diversity of Nut-Cracking Behaviour Between Two Populations of Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Côte d’Ivoire (2019). In: The Chimpanzees of the Taï forest: 40 Years of Research. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108674218


Sirianni G., Luncz L. V., Gratton P. An energetic model of foraging optimization by hammer selection during nut cracking in wild chimpanzees. (2019). In: The Chimpanzees of the Taï forest: 40 Years of Research. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108674218


Samuni, L., Mielke, A., Preis, A., Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M. 2019. Between-group competition enhances chimpanzee in-group cohesion.International Journal of Primatology


Mielke, A., Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C. 2019, Snake alarm calls as public goods games in sooty mangabeys.Animal Behaviour, 158, 201-209.



Mielke, A, Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M. 2019. Rank changes in female chimpanzees in Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. Eds.: R.M. Wittig & C. Boesch, The Chimpanzees of the Taï Forest, Cambridge University Press, 290-300.

Gogarten, J. F., Düx, A., Mubemba, B., Pléh, K., Hoffmann, C., Mielke, A., ... & Leendertz, F. H. (2019). Tropical rainforest flies carrying pathogens form stable associations with social non‐human primates. Molecular Ecology, 4242-4258.


Tóth, A.B., Lyons, S.K., Barr, W.A., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Blois, J.L., Bobe, R., Davis, M., Du, A., Eronen, J.T., Faith, J.T., Fraser, D., Gotelli, N.J., Graves, G.R., Jukar, A.M., Miller, J.H., Pineda-Munoz, S., Soul, L.C., Villaseñor, A., Alroy, J., 2019. Reorganization of surviving mammal communities after the end-Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Science. 365, 1305–1308.


Solórzano, A., Encinas, A., Bobe, R., Maximiliano, R., Carrasco, G. 2019. The Early to late Middle Miocene mammalian assemblages from the Cura-Mallín Formation, at Lonquimay, southern Central Andes, Chile (∼38°S): Biogeographical and paleoenvironmental implications. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 102319


Schofield D.,Nagrani A., Zisserman A., Hayashi M., Matsuzawa T., Biro D., Carvalho S. 2019. Wild Chimpanzee Face Detection, Tracking and Recognition from Video using Deep Learning. Science Advances.


d’Oliveira Coelho, J., Curate, F., 2019. CADOES: An interactive machine-learning approach for sex estimation with the pelvis. Forensic Science International. 302, 109873.


Gumert M, Tan A., Luncz LV, Chua C, Kulik L, Switzer A, Haslam M, Iriki A, Malaivijitnond S. In press. Prevalence of tool behavior is associated with pelage phenotype in intraspecific hybrid long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis aurea x M.f. fascicularis). Behaviour.


Thibaud Gruber, Lydia Luncz, Julia Mörchen, Caroline Schuppli, Rachel L. Kendal & Kimberley Hockings. 2019. Cultural change in animals: a flexible behavioural adaptation to human disturbance. Behaviour. Palgrave Communications, 5, article: 9.


Reynolds V, Pascual-Garrido A, Lloyd, A W, Lýons P and Hobaiter C. 2019 Possible mineral contributions to the diet and health of wild chimpanzees in three East African forests. American Journal of Primatology


Patterson, D.B., Braun, D.R., Allen, K., Barr, W.A., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Biernat, M., Lehmann, S.B., Maddox, T., Manthi, F.K., Merritt, S.R., Morris, S.E., O’Brien, K., Reeves, J.S., Wood, B.A., Bobe, R. 2019. Comparative isotopic evidence from East Turkana supports a dietary shift within the genus Homo. Nature Ecology & Evolution.


Pascual-Guarrido, A. (2019) Cultural variation between neighbouring communities of chimpanzees at Gombe, Tanzania. Scientific Reports, 9:8260.


Ammer, S., d'Oliveira Coelho, J. and Cunha, E. M. (2019). Outline Shape Analysis on the Trochlear Constriction and Olecranon Fossa of the Humerus: Insights for Sex Estimation and a New Computational Tool. J Forensic Sci.


Martinez F.I., Capelli C., Ferreira da Silva J.M., Aldeias V., Alemseged Z., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Bobe R. Braun D.R., Cunha E., Habermann J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Mathe J. Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tátá F, & Carvalho S. (2019). Gorongosa baboon’s phenostructure and its implications for hominin evolutionary studies. Journal of Human Evolution, 130: 1-20.


Russell B. Cutts, Sarah Hlubik, Ross Campbell, Jana Muschinski, Pamela Akuku, David R. Braun, David B. Patterson, Joseph J. O'Brien, Ervan Garrison, J.W.K. Harris, (2019). Thermal curved-fragments: A method for identifying anthropogenic fire in the archaeological record Journal of Archaeological Science, 106, p. 10-22.


Gonçalves A. & Carvalho S (2019). Death among Primates: A review of non-human primate interactions towards their dead and dying. Biological Reviews.


Carvalho, Susana, and Beardmore-Herd, Megan (2019). Technological Origins: Primate Perspectives and Early Hominin Tool Use in Africa. In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Oxford University Press. Article published February 2019. doi:


Vilas-Boas D, Wasterlain SN, d’Oliveira Coelho J, Navega D, Gonçalves D. 2019. SPINNE: An app for human vertebral height estimation based on artificial neural networks. Forensic Science International. 298:121–130.


Carvalho S. and Almeida-Warren K. (2019). Primate Archaeology. In: Choe, J.C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, (2nd ed.). vol. 1, pp. 397–407. Elsevier, Academic Press. ISBN: 9780128132517


Thompson J.,Carvalho S., Marean C., Alemseged Z. (2019). The origins of the human predatory pattern: The transition to large animal exploitation by early hominins. Current Anthropology. (Target article with commentaries).


Bobe, René, and Carvalho, Susana (2019). Hominin diversity and high environmental variability in the Okote Member, Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution



Bobe, René, and Carvalho, Susana (2018). The decline of Africa’s largest mammals: Did hominins play a role in the loss of megaherbivores? Science, 362, 5-6.


Martinez F.I., Capelli C., Ferreira da Silva J.M., Aldeias V., Alemseged Z., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Bobe R. Braun D.R., Cunha E., Habermann J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Mathe J. Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tátá F, Carvalho S. (Accepted). A missing piece of the Papio puzzle: Gorongosa baboon phenostructure and intrageneric relationships. Journal of Human Evolution.


Proffitt, T., et al. & Luncz, L. (In press). Revisiting Panda 100, the first archaeological chimpanzee nut-cracking site. Journal of Human Evolution


Carvalho S., Beardmore-herd M. (In press). Technological origins: Primate perspectives and Early hominin tool use. Oxford Encyclopaedia of African History. Springer.


Thompson J., Carvalho S., Marean C., Alemseged Z. (In press). The origins of the human predatory pattern: The transition to large animal exploitation by early hominins. Current Anthropology.


Püschel, T.A., Marcé-Nogué, J., Gladman, J.T., Bobe, R., Sellers, W.I. (2018). Inferring locomotor behaviours in Miocene New World monkeys using finite element analysis, geometric morphometrics and machine-learning classification techniques applied to talar morphology. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 15 (146) 10.1098/rsif.2018.0520.


Tibble L. & Carvalho S. (2018). Rethinking the evolution of property and possession: A review and methodological propositionEvolutionary Anthropology, 1-12.


Habermann J., Alemseged Z., Aldeias V., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Braun D.R., Capelli C., Cunha E., Ferreira da Silva M.J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Martinez F., Mathe J., Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tatá F., Wynn J., Bobe R. , Carvalho S. (2018). Gorongosa by the sea: first fossil sites from the Urema Rift and their coastal paleoenvironmental and paleoecological contexts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Online early view


Mendonça, R., Dahl C., Carvalho S., Matsuzawa T., Adachi I. (2018). Clear prosocial choice by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and its social determinants. PeerJ, 6:e5315


Proffitt T.,Luncz L.V., Malaivijitnond S., Gumert M., Svensson M., Haslam M. (2018): Analysis of wild macaque stone tools used to crack oil palm nuts.Royal Society Open Science,DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171904.


Luncz L.V., Sirianni G., Mundry R., Boesch C. (2018): Costly culture: differences in nut-cracking efficiency between wild chimpanzee groups. Animal Behaviour, 137:63-73.


Pereira, T., Paixão E., Carvalho, V., Carvalho, S., Gomes, T. (2017). Raw material diversity, distribution and acquisition in the river Lis basin, central Portugal. In: T. Pereira, X. Terradas, N. Bicho (eds).; Raw materials exploitation in Prehistory: sourcing, processing and distribution, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Pp. 16-29.


Schofield, D., McGrew, W., Takahashi, A., Hirata S. (2017)Cumulative culture in nonhumans: overlooked findings from Japanese monkeys? Primates, 1-10.


Rolian, C. & Carvalho, S. (2017). Tool use and manufacture in the last common ancestor of Pan and Homo. In: Muller M., Wrangham R., Pilbeam D. (Eds.), Chimpanzees and Human Evolution . Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674967953.


Luncz, L., Amanda Tan, Michael Haslam, Lars Kulik, Tomos Proffitt, Suchinda Malaivijitnond, Michael Gumert. (2017). Resource depletion through primate stone technologyeLife.


Almeida-Warren, K., Sommer, V., Piel, A. and Pascual-Garrido, A. (2017) Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools by wild chimpanzees in the Issa valley, western Tanzania. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Early view).


Patterson, D., Braun, D., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Merritt, S., Zliobaite, I., Reeves, J., Wood, B., Fortelius, M., Bobe, R. (2017).Ecosystem evolution and hominin paleobiology at East Turkana, northern Kenya between 2.0 and 1.4 Ma. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 481: 1-13.


Luncz L., Svensson M., Haslam M., Malaivijitnond S., Proffitt T., Gumert M. (2017): Technological response of wild macaques (Macaca fascicularisto anthropogenic change.International Journal of Primatology, doi: 10.1007/s10764-017-9985-6.


Luncz L., Haslam M.: Latent solutions` are untestable for early stone tools (2017): Current Anthropology, doi: 10.1086/693846 (comments).


Carvalho S(2016). Standing on the shoulders of giants: The contribution of Claudia Sousa for the foundation of primate archaeology. In: Fernandes M, Frazão-Moreira A, Hockings K. J, Alves Cardoso F. (Eds.) Special issue: Apes, People and Nature. The legacy of Cláudia Sousa. Etnográfica 20 (3): 648-652.


McGrew W. C., Baehren L. (2016). “Parting is such sweet sorrow”, but only for humans? Human Ethology Bulletin 31, 4: 5-14.


Bobe, R.(2016). Paleontology. Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. John L. Jackson, Editor. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199766567-0141.


Fortelius, M., Zliobaite, I., Kaya, F., Bibi, F., Bobe, R., Leakey, L., Leakey, M., Patterson, D., Rannikko, J., Werdelin, L. (2016). An ecometric analysis of the fossil mammal record of the Turkana BasinPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371,20150232. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0232.


Phillips CA, O’Connell T. (2016). Fecal carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis as an indicator of diet in Kanyawara chimpanzees, Kibale National Park, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, DOI 10.1002/ajpa.23073.


Hockings J.K., Bryson-Morrison N.,Carvalho S., Fujisawa M., Humle T., McGrew W.C., Nakamura M., Ohashi G., Yamanashi Y., Yamakoshi G., Matsuzawa T. (2015). Tools to tipple: Ethanol ingestion by wild chimpanzees using leaf-sponges. Royal Society Open Scie 2: 150150.


Benito-Calvo A.*, Carvalho S.*(*shared first authorship, Arroyo A., Matsuzawa T., de la Torre I. (2015). First GIS analysis of modern stone tools used by wild chimpanzees in Bossou, Guinea, West Africa. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0121613. doi:10.1371.


Hockings K.J., McLennan M.R., Carvalho S., Ancrenaz M., Bobe R., Byrne R., Dunbar R.I.M., Matsuzawa T., McGrew W.C., Wood B., Wrangham R., Hill C.M. (2015). Apes in the Anthropocene: Adaptation & Survival.Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30 (4): 215-222.

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