Bobe R., Manthi F.K., Ward C., Plavcan M., Carvalho S. 2020. The ecology of Australopithecus anamensis in the Early Pliocene of Kanapoi, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution

Luncz, L.V., Gill, M., Proffitt, T., Svensson, M.S., Kulik, L., Malaivijitnond, S., 2019. Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques. eLife. 8:e46961. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.46961


Samuni, L., Mielke, A., Preis, A., Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M. (Accepted). Between-group competition enhances chimpanzee in-group cohesion.International Journal of Primatology


Mielke, A., Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C. (Accepted) Snake alarm calls as public goods games in sooty mangabeys.Animal Behaviour


Wittig, R.M., Mielke, A., Lester, J., Crockford, C. (In press, 2019). Endurance and flexibility of close social relationships: comparing chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Chimpanzee in Context.


Mielke, A, Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M. (In press, 2019).Rank changes in female chimpanzees in Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. Taï Chimpanzee Project: 40 years of research.


Tóth, A.B., Lyons, S.K., Barr, W.A., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Blois, J.L., Bobe, R., Davis, M., Du, A., Eronen, J.T., Faith, J.T., Fraser, D., Gotelli, N.J., Graves, G.R., Jukar, A.M., Miller, J.H., Pineda-Munoz, S., Soul, L.C., Villaseñor, A., Alroy, J., 2019. Reorganization of surviving mammal communities after the end-Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Science. 365, 1305–1308.


Solórzano, A., Encinas, A., Bobe, R., Maximiliano, R., Carrasco, G. 2019. The Early to late Middle Miocene mammalian assemblages from the Cura-Mallín Formation, at Lonquimay, southern Central Andes, Chile (∼38°S): Biogeographical and paleoenvironmental implications. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 102319


Schofield D.,Nagrani A., Zisserman A., Hayashi M., Matsuzawa T., Biro D., Carvalho S. 2019. Wild Chimpanzee Face Detection, Tracking and Recognition from Video using Deep Learning. Science Advances.


d’Oliveira Coelho, J., Curate, F., 2019. CADOES: An interactive machine-learning approach for sex estimation with the pelvis. Forensic Science International. 302, 109873.


Gumert M, Tan A., Luncz LV, Chua C, Kulik L, Switzer A, Haslam M, Iriki A, Malaivijitnond S. In press. Prevalence of tool behavior is associated with pelage phenotype in intraspecific hybrid long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis aurea x M.f. fascicularis). Behaviour.


Thibaud Gruber, Lydia Luncz, Julia Mörchen, Caroline Schuppli, Rachel L. Kendal & Kimberley Hockings. 2019. Cultural change in animals: a flexible behavioural adaptation to human disturbance. Behaviour. Palgrave Communications, 5, article: 9.


Reynolds V, Pascual-Garrido A, Lloyd, A W, Lýons P and Hobaiter C. 2019 Possible mineral contributions to the diet and health of wild chimpanzees in three East African forests. American Journal of Primatology


David B. Patterson, David R. Braun, Kayla Allen, W. Andrew Barr, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Maryse Biernat, Sophie B. Lehmann, Tom Maddox, Fredrick K. Manthi, Stephen R. Merritt, Sarah E. Morris, Kaedan O’Brien, Jonathan S. Reeves, Bernard A. Wood and René Bobe 2019. Comparative isotopic evidence from East Turkana supports a dietary shift within the genus Homo. NatEcoEvo.


Pascual-Guarrido, A. (2019) Cultural variation between neighbouring communities of chimpanzees at Gombe, Tanzania. Scientific Reports, 9.


Ammer, S., d'Oliveira Coelho, J. and Cunha, E. M. (2019). Outline Shape Analysis on the Trochlear Constriction and Olecranon Fossa of the Humerus: Insights for Sex Estimation and a New Computational Tool. J Forensic Sci.


Martinez F.I., Capelli C., Ferreira da Silva J.M., Aldeias V., Alemseged Z., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Bobe R. Braun D.R., Cunha E., Habermann J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Mathe J. Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tátá F, & Carvalho S. (2019). Gorongosa baboon’s phenostructure and its implications for hominin evolutionary studies. Journal of Human Evolution, 130: 1-20.


Russell B. Cutts, Sarah Hlubik, Ross Campbell, Jana Muschinski, Pamela Akuku, David R. Braun, David B. Patterson, Joseph J. O'Brien, Ervan Garrison, J.W.K. Harris, (2019). Thermal curved-fragments: A method for identifying anthropogenic fire in the archaeological record Journal of Archaeological Science, 106, p. 10-22.


Gonçalves A. & Carvalho S (2019). Death among Primates: A review of non-human primate interactions towards their dead and dying. Biological Reviews.


Carvalho, Susana, and Beardmore-Herd, Megan (2019). Technological Origins: Primate Perspectives and Early Hominin Tool Use in Africa. In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Oxford University Press. Article published February 2019. doi:


Vilas-Boas D, Wasterlain SN, d’Oliveira Coelho J, Navega D, Gonçalves D. 2019. SPINNE: An app for human vertebral height estimation based on artificial neural networks. Forensic Science International. 298:121–130.


Carvalho S. and Almeida-Warren K. (2019). Primate Archaeology. In: Choe, J.C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, (2nd ed.). vol. 1, pp. 397–407. Elsevier, Academic Press. ISBN: 9780128132517


Thompson J.,Carvalho S., Marean C., Alemseged Z. (2019). The origins of the human predatory pattern: The transition to large animal exploitation by early hominins. Current Anthropology. (Target article with commentaries).


Bobe, René, and Carvalho, Susana (2019). Hominin diversity and high environmental variability in the Okote Member, Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution



Bobe, René, and Carvalho, Susana (2018). The decline of Africa’s largest mammals: Did hominins play a role in the loss of megaherbivores? Science, 362, 5-6.


Martinez F.I., Capelli C., Ferreira da Silva J.M., Aldeias V., Alemseged Z., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Bobe R. Braun D.R., Cunha E., Habermann J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Mathe J. Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tátá F, Carvalho S. (Accepted). A missing piece of the Papio puzzle: Gorongosa baboon phenostructure and intrageneric relationships. Journal of Human Evolution.


Proffitt, T., et al. & Luncz, L. (In press). Revisiting Panda 100, the first archaeological chimpanzee nut-cracking site. Journal of Human Evolution


Carvalho S., Beardmore-herd M. (In press). Technological origins: Primate perspectives and Early hominin tool use. Oxford Encyclopaedia of African History. Springer.


Thompson J., Carvalho S., Marean C., Alemseged Z. (In press). The origins of the human predatory pattern: The transition to large animal exploitation by early hominins. Current Anthropology.


Püschel, T.A., Marcé-Nogué, J., Gladman, J.T., Bobe, R., Sellers, W.I. (2018). Inferring locomotor behaviours in Miocene New World monkeys using finite element analysis, geometric morphometrics and machine-learning classification techniques applied to talar morphology. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 15 (146) 10.1098/rsif.2018.0520.


Tibble L. & Carvalho S. (2018). Rethinking the evolution of property and possession: A review and methodological propositionEvolutionary Anthropology, 1-12.


Habermann J., Alemseged Z., Aldeias V., Archer W., Bamford M., Biro D., Braun D.R., Capelli C., Cunha E., Ferreira da Silva M.J., Luedecke T., Madiquida H., Martinez F., Mathe J., Negash E., Paulo L.M., Pinto M., Stalmans M., Tatá F., Wynn J., Bobe R. , Carvalho S. (2018). Gorongosa by the sea: first fossil sites from the Urema Rift and their coastal paleoenvironmental and paleoecological contexts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Online early view


Mendonça, R., Dahl C., Carvalho S., Matsuzawa T., Adachi I. (2018). Clear prosocial choice by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and its social determinants. PeerJ, 6:e5315


Proffitt T.,Luncz L.V., Malaivijitnond S., Gumert M., Svensson M., Haslam M. (2018): Analysis of wild macaque stone tools used to crack oil palm nuts.Royal Society Open Science,DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171904.


Luncz L.V., Sirianni G., Mundry R., Boesch C. (2018): Costly culture: differences in nut-cracking efficiency between wild chimpanzee groups. Animal Behaviour, 137:63-73.


Pereira, T., Paixão E., Carvalho, V., Carvalho, S., Gomes, T. (2017). Raw material diversity, distribution and acquisition in the river Lis basin, central Portugal. In: T. Pereira, X. Terradas, N. Bicho (eds).; Raw materials exploitation in Prehistory: sourcing, processing and distribution, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Pp. 16-29.


Schofield, D., McGrew, W., Takahashi, A., Hirata S. (2017)Cumulative culture in nonhumans: overlooked findings from Japanese monkeys? Primates, 1-10.


Rolian, C. & Carvalho, S. (2017). Tool use and manufacture in the last common ancestor of Pan and Homo. In: Muller M., Wrangham R., Pilbeam D. (Eds.), Chimpanzees and Human Evolution . Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674967953.


Luncz, L., Amanda Tan, Michael Haslam, Lars Kulik, Tomos Proffitt, Suchinda Malaivijitnond, Michael Gumert. (2017). Resource depletion through primate stone technologyeLife.


Almeida-Warren, K., Sommer, V., Piel, A. and Pascual-Garrido, A. (2017) Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools by wild chimpanzees in the Issa valley, western Tanzania. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Early view).


Patterson, D., Braun, D., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Merritt, S., Zliobaite, I., Reeves, J., Wood, B., Fortelius, M., Bobe, R. (2017).Ecosystem evolution and hominin paleobiology at East Turkana, northern Kenya between 2.0 and 1.4 Ma. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 481: 1-13.


Luncz L., Svensson M., Haslam M., Malaivijitnond S., Proffitt T., Gumert M. (2017): Technological response of wild macaques (Macaca fascicularisto anthropogenic change.International Journal of Primatology, doi: 10.1007/s10764-017-9985-6.


Luncz L., Haslam M.: Latent solutions` are untestable for early stone tools (2017): Current Anthropology, doi: 10.1086/693846 (comments).


Carvalho S(2016). Standing on the shoulders of giants: The contribution of Claudia Sousa for the foundation of primate archaeology. In: Fernandes M, Frazão-Moreira A, Hockings K. J, Alves Cardoso F. (Eds.) Special issue: Apes, People and Nature. The legacy of Cláudia Sousa. Etnográfica 20 (3): 648-652.


McGrew W. C., Baehren L. (2016). “Parting is such sweet sorrow”, but only for humans? Human Ethology Bulletin 31, 4: 5-14.


Bobe, R.(2016). Paleontology. Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. John L. Jackson, Editor. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199766567-0141.


Fortelius, M., Zliobaite, I., Kaya, F., Bibi, F., Bobe, R., Leakey, L., Leakey, M., Patterson, D., Rannikko, J., Werdelin, L. (2016). An ecometric analysis of the fossil mammal record of the Turkana BasinPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371,20150232. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0232.


Phillips CA, O’Connell T. (2016). Fecal carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis as an indicator of diet in Kanyawara chimpanzees, Kibale National Park, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, DOI 10.1002/ajpa.23073.


Hockings J.K., Bryson-Morrison N.,Carvalho S., Fujisawa M., Humle T., McGrew W.C., Nakamura M., Ohashi G., Yamanashi Y., Yamakoshi G., Matsuzawa T. (2015). Tools to tipple: Ethanol ingestion by wild chimpanzees using leaf-sponges. Royal Society Open Scie 2: 150150.


Benito-Calvo A.*, Carvalho S.*(*shared first authorship, Arroyo A., Matsuzawa T., de la Torre I. (2015). First GIS analysis of modern stone tools used by wild chimpanzees in Bossou, Guinea, West Africa. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0121613. doi:10.1371.


Hockings K.J., McLennan M.R., Carvalho S., Ancrenaz M., Bobe R., Byrne R., Dunbar R.I.M., Matsuzawa T., McGrew W.C., Wood B., Wrangham R., Hill C.M. (2015). Apes in the Anthropocene: Adaptation & Survival.Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30 (4): 215-222.

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